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Jaklin Bezik, DDS, MDS
What Causes Gum Disease?
Metro Dental Health
. http://metrodentalhealth.com/

What Causes Gum Disease?

Plaque is a sticky film that is filled with bacteria that gradually builds up on your teeth. If it is allowed to stay and worsen over time, plaque will cause gum disease. To defend itself against these rogue bacteria, the body responds with inflammation. Bacteria in the plaque thrive on sugary foods and beverages, which is more detrimental to your dental health.

What Are the Stages of Gum Disease

Gingivitis When you notice that your gums are red and puffy and that they bleed a little when you brush, then you probably have gingivitis. It is the earliest stage of gum disease. Gingivitis is easily reversed by regularly brushing and flossing at least three times a day. You will get rid of the poisoning bacteria and your gums will heal. If they do not, then it is time to make a dental appointment.

Periodontitis If you do not get your gingivitis under control, then the gum disease will advance to periodontitis. The structures in your mouth that support your teeth are called periodontium. Without them, your teeth could not stay in place. Over time, periodontitis that goes untreated can cause lost teeth, bone loss in the jaws, and severe infection.

Is Gum Disease Related To Other Diseases?

The American Academy of Periodontology states that gum disease can not only destroy teeth, but it can also be linked to other diseases in the body. People who have gum disease may also suffer from diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic health problems.

Although it is difficult to prove a direct cause and effect between gum disease and heart problems, they do factor in inflammation. If you have gum disease, your gums will produce inflammation that can spread throughout the body. Inflamed arteries are major contributors to cardiovascular disease. The plethora of bacteria in the plaque-infected gums can also travel through the body, causing more inflammation or infection.

It is common for diabetics to suffer from gum disease. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, high levels of glucose in the blood can contribute to gum disease. Getting professional dental help can reduce gum disease and minimize the chance of infections.

You only have one set of permanent teeth. It is imperative that you brush, floss, and see your dentist regularly. If you see any signs or symptoms of gum disease, you should go see your dentist as soon as possible. Your teeth, gums, and your overall health depend on it.

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